Body Composition- Many people confuse body composition with body weight or body fat. In reality your body composition is actually defined as the percentage of fat, bone and muscle in your body. In relation to physical fitness, the amount of fat compared to bone and muscle is measured to determine body fat percentage and overall health. Too much body fat increases the chances of illness and disease. Conversely men and women who have too little body fat risk decreased exercise performance and severe health complications. The ideal body fat percentage varies by individual based on gender, age, body type and heredity. Finding the level that is right for you is an important factor in determining overall health and fitness.
Muscular Strength and Endurance- Strength and endurance are two separate components both of which contribute to physical fitness. Your muscular strength is your ability to life or exert maximum force in a single effort. Increase muscle strength through weight or strength training which increases muscle mass. This increases your body’s capacity to burn calories which aids in weight loss and lowering your body fat ratio. Muscular endurance on the other hand does not measure how “much” you can lift or move rather how “long” you can perform repetitive actions. Both strength and endurance are important in maintaining healthy fitness levels.